A noun is in the objective case when it is used as a direct object, an indirect object, or the object of a preposition. Let's review these "objects" (objective nouns).
A noun or pronoun is called a direct object when it is the direct receiver of the action of the verb. Direct objects (objective nouns) are starred in the sentences below.
- Rigo made *lunch. (Rigo made what?)
- I picked *cotton.
- Who will prepare *dinner?
- Davy Crockett helped *Andrew Jackson. (Davy helped who or what?)
- Defending the Alamo cost Davy's *life.
- The Crockett Almanacs contained tall *tales about Davy.
- He liked *to hunt. (Infinitive as a direct object)
- Do you enjoy *skydiving? (Gerund as a direct object)
- Roger Sherman despised mob *rule. (Roger Sherman despised who or what?)
- Therefore, he issued a *warrant against Benedict Arnold.
- In addition, he outlawed *scapegoating. (Gerund as a direct object)
An indirect object is the noun or pronoun that tells "to whom" or "for whom" the action was done. In the following examples, the indirect objects are starred.
- Did you bring *Fido a snack? (Did you bring a snack for Fido?)
- The runner passed *Tim the baton. (The runner passed the baton to Tim.)
- Please send *Kristina a postcard. (Please send a postcard to Kristina.)
- Have you told *me everything? (Have you told everything to me?)
- Politicians gave *Davy recognition. (Politicians gave recognition to Davy.)
- Yale awarded *Sherman an honorary degree. (Yale awarded an honorary degree to Sherman.)
Object of a Preposition
A noun or pronoun that follows a preposition is called the object of a preposition. Objects of the prepositions are starred in the examples below.
- at the *museum
- around the *lake
- near *her
- through the *gate
- within two *months
- on top of the *hill
- except for *swimming
- over the *top
- besides *him
- after the *show
- except *you
- on account of *illness
- outside of the *country
- under the *influence
Identify objective nouns. For sentences, 1-9, tell whether each italicized noun is a direct object, an indirect object, or the object of a preposition.
- Esther fried Marissa an egg.
- I sweep the sidewalk on Mondays.
- Justin fell off the chair.
- The squirrel climbed up the tree.
- Our cousin painted his house bright green.
- The title of her essay refers to her experiences in Colombia.
- After 1773, Sherman offered the British strong resistance.
- In the late 1760s, almanacs had recorded his Loyalism.
- The Parliament of Great Britain should not make America's laws.
- Marissa is an indirect object. It tells "for whom" the egg was fried.
- Sidewalk is a direct object. It is the receiver of the action verb "sweep."
- Chair is the object of the preposition "off."
- Tree is the object of the preposition "up."
- House is a direct object. It is the receiver of the action verb "painted."
- Experiences is the object of the preposition "to."
- British is an indirect object. It tells "to whom" the resistance was offered.)
- Loyalism is a direct object. It is the receiver of the action verb "had recorded."
- Great Britain is the object of the preposition "of."