Almost every sentence ends with one of three punctuation marks. Periods, exclamation marks, and question marks are called final, or terminal, punctuation marks.
We use an exclamation mark after an exclamatory sentence (a sentence showing strong emotion).
It was a man-eating shark!
Someone gave me $100!
Come quickly! It's snowing outside!
Sometimes a word or phrase shows strong emotion. We call this an interjection.
Ouch! That hurt!
Wow! That's amazing!
Whoa! Slow down, Tiger!
Careful writers limit their use of exclamations. Think of it as shouting. Sometimes shouting is appropriate, but one who shouts all the time is soon ignored. Use these marks sparingly.
When using terminal marks with quotation marks, we must decide whether to place the final punctuation mark inside or outside the quotation marks. We do this by determining whether the final punctuation mark punctuates the whole sentence or just the part in quotation marks.
Rewrite sentences 1-6, inserting punctuation marks as needed.
1. What a surprise! (exclamatory sentence)
2. The final punctuation mark goes inside the quotation marks because it punctuates only the direct quotation.
He exclaimed, "There you are!"
3. I can't believe you guessed it! (exclamatory sentence)
4. Hey! There goes a shooting star! (interjection and exclamatory sentence)
5. You're so brilliant! (exclamatory sentence)
6. Incredible! He trained such famous lawyers as John Marshall, James Monroe, and Henry Clay!
Rewrite the following sentences, inserting punctuation marks as needed.